Heart valve disease is a lifelong condition. However, many people have heart valve defects or disease but don’t have symptoms. If not treated, advanced heart valve disease can cause heart failure or other life-threatening conditions. Eventually, you may need to have your faulty heart valve(s) repaired or replaced.
The main causes of heart valve disease are:
- Being born with an abnormal valve or valves (congenital heart disease)
- Having had rheumatic fever.
- Cardiomyopathy – a disease of the heart muscle.
- Damage to the heart muscle from a heart attack.
- Getting older.
- A previous infection with endocarditis.